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HepaRG人肝脏祖细胞株-BioVector NTCC质粒载体菌种细胞蛋白抗体基因保藏中心

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HepaRG cell line

BioVector NTCC质粒载体菌种细胞蛋白抗体基因保藏中心www.biovector.net


Background

HepaRG™ cells are a human hepatic progenitor cell line that retains many characteristics of primary human

hepatocytes. HepaRG™ cells are terminally differentiated and provided in a convenient cryopreserved format.

For scientists who need reproducible metabolism data, HepaRG™ cells are an in vitro tool that provides

reproducible results in a metabolically complete and scalable system.

This description and user guide for the thawing and culture of cryopreserved HepaRG™ cells includes three

sections:

 Section 1: Recommended materials, media and cells

 Section 2: Protocol for the thawing, seeding and maintenance of HepaRG™ cells

 Section 3: Cell morphology

Section 1: Materials, media and cells

Materials

 Water bath at +37° C

 Laminar flow hood

 Pipet-aid, pipettes and micropipettes

 Multichannel pipettes and repeater pipette

 Polystyrene round-bottom tubes (40mL) and petri dishes (92 x 17 mm) or similar containers

 Incubator at +37° C with a 5%/95% CO2/O2 atmosphere and 100% relative humidity

 Phase-contrast microscope

 Material for cell count (cell counting chamber, coverslips, 0.05% Trypan blue solution)

Media supplements

 Working medium is prepared by adding the HepaRG™ Supplement to 100 ml/500 ml of Williams’

Medium E and 1ml/5ml of GlutaMAX-I.

Cells

 Immediately place the cryovial(s) in liquid nitrogen upon receipt.

Section 2: Protocol

Note: Observe universal precautions when handling HepaRG™ cells and treat all biologic material as

potentially infectious.

The following steps must be performed under a laminar flow hood.

Biovector NTCC, Inc

No.19,Xizhimen,Beijing,China

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Tel:010-53513060. 400-800-2947

1. Medium preparation

 Base Medium consists of 99mL of Williams’ Medium E combined with 1 mL of GlutaMAX™ I

 Thaw the HepaRG™ Supplement by placing the bottle in a +37°C water bath until completely thawed.

 Prepare the HepaRG™ working medium by adding the entire contents of the bottle of supplement to

100 mL of Base Medium.

 The HepaRG™ working medium is now ready for use. It should be stored at +4°C for a maximum of

one month.

Note: If completing less than 500 mL of media, see Section 4: Media volume tables at the end of the protocol

for exact amount of supplement.

2. Thawing and counting of cryopreserved, HepaRG™ Cells (Day 0)

2.1. Thawing

 Pre-warm working HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium in a +37°C water

bath.

 Pipet 9 mL (per HepaRG™ cryovial to be used) of pre-warmed HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General

Purpose Working Medium into a sterile 40mL polystyrene round-bottom tube or similar container.

 Prepare an absorbent paper with 70 % ethyl alcohol.

 Remove the cryovial from the liquid nitrogen.

 Under the laminar flow hood, briefly twist the cryovial cap a quarter turn (do not open the cryovial

completely) to release internal pressure, and then close it again.

 Quickly transfer the cryovial to the water bath at +37° C. Do not submerge it completely; be careful not

to allow water to penetrate into the cap. While holding the tip of the cryovial, gently agitate the vial for 1 to 2

minutes (small ice crystals should remain when the vial is removed from the water bath).

 Wipe the outside of the cryovial with the 70% ethyl alcohol absorbent paper, and place the cryovial

under the laminar flow hood.

 Aseptically transfer the “semi”-thawed HepaRG™ cell suspension into the tube containing 9 mL of the

pre-warmed HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium (resulting in a 1:10 ratio of cell

suspension to total volume).

 Rinse out the cryovial once with approximately 1 mL of the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose

Working Medium and return the resulting suspension to the 40 mL tube.

 Centrifuge the HepaRG™ cell suspension for 2 minutes at 357 g (room temperature).

 Aspirate the supernatant and resuspend the HepaRG™ cell pellet with 5 mL of HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate,

& General Purpose Working Medium

2.2. Cell viability and counting

 Pipet 50 μL of a 0.05% Trypan blue solution into one, 1 mL polystyrene round-bottom tube.

 Homogenize the HepaRG™ cell suspension with gentle manual swirling. Then, take 250 μL of this

suspension and add it to the tube containing the Trypan blue solution (1/2 dilution).

 Gently homogenize the resulting cell suspension by manual swirling. Take an aliquot and introduce it

into a cell counting chamber (e.g., hemocytometer or the Countess™ Automated Cell Counter).

 Perform cell observation and count under the microscope. Living cells exclude the dye while dead cells

take it and appear blue. Count the living and dead cells and then calculate cell viability and concentration.

Biovector NTCC, Inc

No.19,Xizhimen,Beijing,China

http://www.Biovector.net

Tel:010-53513060. 400-800-2947

3. Use of HepaRG™ cells

3.1. Metabolism studies: use of HepaRG™ cells in suspension

 After thawing and counting of HepaRG™ cells (Sec 2), cells can be used for metabolism studies in

suspension according to your standard protocol using human hepatocytes; however, incubation times may

differ from your standard times.

 Incubate the cells with the test substrates according to your protocol for metabolism studies.

Suspension Day 0  HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium

 Incubate the cells with the test substrates according to your protocol

3.2. Metabolism studies: Use of HepaRG™ cells in monolayer

3.2.1. Cell seeding

 After the thawing and the counting of HepaRG™ cells (Sec 2), and using the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, &

General Purpose Working Medium, seed the HepaRG™ cells into a flat-bottom multi-well plate according to

the table below:

Plate

Format

Number of viable cells per well

(x106)

Volume per well

(mL)

Cell concentration

(x106/mL)

24-well plate 0.60 0.50 1.20

96-well plate 0.10 0.10 1.00

 Pre-wet 96-well plate with 45 uL of HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Media

 Add 80 ul of cell suspension (1.25 X 106 cells/mL)

o Wait for 10 min

o Move to incubator

o Place the plate(s) in the incubator at +37° C with a 5%/95% CO2/Ambient atmosphere and 100

relative humidity.

3.2.2. Cell maintenance for metabolism studies

You have two options:

 Cells can be used immediately after thawing, or following at least 3 days of culture. HepaRG™ cells

retain a high level of CYP activities during the first 24 hours following thaw and plating, and these activities

then decrease while the cells reconstitute the monolayer, then the activities return during the fourth day in

culture, peaking at Day 7-10.

At day 0, 4 hours after plating

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No.19,Xizhimen,Beijing,China

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 Four hours after plating observe cell morphology under phase-contrast microscope, and when possible,

take photomicrographs.

 Cells can be used for metabolism studies according to your standard protocol using human hepatocytes;

however, incubation times may differ from your standard times.

 Incubate the cells with the test substrates according to your protocol for metabolism

studies. Note: Incubation times may need adjustment.

Monolayer 4 hours after

plating, Day 0

Thaw and seed the cells using HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose

Working Medium. Four hours after plating, incubate the cells with the test

substrates according to your protocol.

Day 4-Day 7

 One day after thawing, observe cell morphology under phase-contrast microscope, and when possible,

take photomicrographs.

 Change from the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Media to the HepaRG™

Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium.

 Pre-warm the HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium in a sterile container (12 mL/24

well plate, 9.6 mL/96 well plate) at room temperature.

 Transfer the HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium pre-warmed into a 92 x 17 mm

Petri dish.

 Remove the lid from the multi-well plate.

 Remove the existing medium from the wells.

 Gently add the pre-warmed HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium to the sides of each

well with a multichannel pipette (125 μL/well for a 96 multi-well plate and 500 μL/well for a 24 multi-well

plate). Do not add the medium directly onto the cells.

 Control visually the medium level in the wells.

 Put the lid back on the multi-well plate and place the plate(s) back in the +37° C incubator.

 Maintain the HepaRG™ cells in HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium and use the

cells.

At Day 4

 At day 4, after thawing and culture, a cell monolayer can be observed with a hepatocyte-like cell

organization in clusters and metabolic activities are lower than activities detected at day 7-10.

Monolayer

Day 4

Day

0

Thursday Thaw and seed the cells using HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose

Working Medium

Day

1

Friday Remove Thaw and seed the cells using HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General

Purpose Working Medium, and replace with the HepaRG™

Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium

Day Monday Incubate the cells in monolayer with the test substrates according to your

Biovector NTCC, Inc

No.19,Xizhimen,Beijing,China

http://www.Biovector.net

Tel:010-53513060. 400-800-2947

4 protocol

At Day 7

 For optimal activity levels, HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium must have been

renewed at Day 4 and Day 6.

 After 7-10 days in culture, cells are organized in well-delineated trabeculae with many bright

canaliculi-like structures and peak basal metabolic activity.

Monolayer Day

7

Day

0

Thursday Thaw and seed the cells using HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General

Purpose Working Medium

Day

1

Friday Remove HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working

Medium, and replace with the

HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium

Day

4

Monday Renew the HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium

Day

6

Wednesday Renew the HepaRG™ Maintenance/Metabolism Working Medium

Day

7

Thursday Incubate the cells in monolayer with the test substrates according to

your protocol

3.3. Induction studies

3.3.1. Cell Seeding

 After the thawing and the counting of HepaRG™ cells (Sec 2), and using the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, &

General Purpose Working Medium, seed the HepaRG™ cells into a flat-bottom multi-well plate according to

the table below:

Plate

Format

Number of viable cells per well

(x106)

Volume per well

(mL)

Cell concentration

(x106/mL)

24-well plate 0.60 0.50 1.20

96-well plate 0.10 0.10 1.00

Biovector NTCC, Inc

No.19,Xizhimen,Beijing,China

http://www.Biovector.net

Tel:010-53513060. 400-800-2947

 Pre-wet 96-well plate with 45 uL of HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Media

 Add 80 ul of cell suspension (1.25 X 106 cells/mL)

o Wait for 10 min

o Move to incubator

o Place the plate(s) in the incubator at +37° C with a 5%/95% CO2/Ambient atmosphere and 100

relative humidity.

3.3.2. Culture and maintenance for induction study

 Six hours after plating (see the suggested timeline), observe cell morphology under phase-contrast

microscope, and when possible, take photomicrographs.

 Renew the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium

 Pre-warm the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium into a sterile container (12

mL/24 well plate, 9.6 mL/96 well plate) at room temperature.

 Transfer pre-warmed HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium into a 92 x 17 mm

Petri dish or similar flat-bottom container suitable for use with multichannel pipetors.

 Remove the lid from the multi-well plate.

 Remove the existing medium from the wells.

 Gently add the pre-warmed HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium to the sides

of each well with a multichannel pipette (125 μL/well for 96 multi-well plate and 500 μL/well for 24 multi-well

plate). Do not add the medium directly onto the cells.

 Control visually the medium level in the wells.

 Put the lid back on the multi-well plate and place the plate(s) back in the +37° C incubator.

 At day 3, observe cell morphology under phase-contrast microscope, and when possible, take

photomicrographs.

 Cells can be used for induction studies: choose between two media with:

No serum: HepaRG™ Serum-free Induction Medium

Low level of serum: HepaRG™ Induction Medium

 Change from the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium to either the HepaRG™

Induction Working Medium or HepaRG™ Serum-free Induction Working Medium with the test articles.

 Incubate the cells with the test articles for 48-72hrs (72hrs=peak response)

 Renew the medium with the test articles daily and always with the medium chosen at the beginning of

the study

3.3.3. Suggested timeline for induction studies

Day

0

Friday

morning

Thaw and seed the cells using HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose

Working Medium

Day

0

Friday end of

afternoon (6 h after

plating)

Renew the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium

Day Monday Remove the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium, and

Biovector NTCC, Inc

No.19,Xizhimen,Beijing,China

http://www.Biovector.net

Tel:010-53513060. 400-800-2947

3 morning replace with the HepaRG™ Induction Working Medium or HepaRG™

Serum-free Induction Working Medium

Incubate the cells in monolayer with the test articles according to your study

design. The renewal of the medium with the test articles should be performed

daily until Wednesday.

Day

4

Tuesday

morning

Renew the HepaRG™ Induction Working Medium or HepaRG™ Serum-free

Induction Working Medium

Day

5

Wednesday

morning

End of the incubation with the test articles

Incubate the cells with the test substrates

3.4. Uptake and transport studies: Use of HepaRG™ cells in suspension

 After thawing and counting of HepaRG™ cells (Sec 2), cells can be used for uptake and transport

studies in suspension according to your standard protocol using human hepatocytes. Incubate the cells with

the test substrates according to your protocol for uptake and transport studies; however incubation times

may differ from your standard times.

Suspension Day

0

Thaw and seed the cells using HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working

Medium Incubate the cells with the test substrates according to your protocol

3.5. Toxicity studies

3.5.1. Cell seeding

 After the thawing and the counting of HepaRG™ cells (Sec 2), and using the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, &

General PurposeWorking Medium, seed the HepaRG™ cells into a flat-bottom multi-well plate according to

the table below:

Plate

Format

Number of viable cells per well

(x106)

Volume per well

(mL)

Cell concentration

(x106/mL)

24-well plate 0.60 0.50 1.20

96-well plate 0.10 0.10 1.00

 Pre-wet 96-well plate with 45 uL of HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Media

 Add 80 ul of cell suspension (1.25 X 106 cells/mL)

o Wait for 10 min

o Move to incubator

Biovector NTCC, Inc

No.19,Xizhimen,Beijing,China

http://www.Biovector.net

Tel:010-53513060. 400-800-2947

o Place the plate(s) in the incubator at +37° C with a 5%/95% CO2/Ambient atmosphere and 100

relative humidity.

3.5.2. Culture and maintenance for toxicity study

 One day after thawing, observe cell morphology under phase-contrast microscope, and when possible,

take photomicrographs.

 Pre-warm the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium in a sterile container (12

mL/24 well plate, 9.6 mL/96 well plate) at room temperature.

 Transfer the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium pre-warmed into a 92 x 17

mm Petri dish.

 Remove the lid from the multi-well plate.

 Remove the existing medium from the wells.

 Gently add the pre-warmed HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium to the sides

of each well with a multichannel pipette (100 μL/well for a 96 multi-well plate and 500 μL/well for a 24

multi-well plate). Do not add the medium directly onto the cells.

 Control visually the medium level in the wells.

 Put the lid back on the multi-well plate and place the plate(s) back in the +37° C incubator.

 Maintain the HepaRG™ cells in HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium until the

use of cells at day 7.

 Renew the HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium.

3.5.3. Suggested timeline for toxicity studies

Day

0

Thursday Thaw and seed the cells using HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium

Day

1

Friday Remove HepaRG™ Thaw, Plate, & General Purpose Working Medium, and replace

with the HepaRG™ Tox Working Medium.

Day

4

Monday Renew the HepaRG™ Tox Working Medium

Day

7

Thursday Renew the HepaRG™ Tox Working Medium and incubate the cells in monolayer with the

test articles according to your protocol

Section 3: Cell morphology

 After 1 day of culture, hepatocyte-like cells appear in small, differentiated colonies, individualized (fig 1).

 After 3-4 days of culture, a restructuring of cell monolayer can be observed with an hepatocyte-like cells’ organization in clusters (fig 2).

 6-7 days after plating, hepatocyte-like cells are organized in well-delineated trabeculae with many bright canaliculi-like structures (fig 3).


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